Paleolithic globalization

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It would be presumptuous to claim that the people of that time, through their communication channels, knew about all the other populations who already inhabited the globe, even on other continents. It will not have been many folks who lived on the earth in this epoch; anyhow guaranteed around a high number factor less than today, which we animate this earth.

It can be assumed that humans in the Mesolithic Age did not develop to the same extent on all continents, which they populated of a few thousand, perhaps a few hundred thousand. Egypt was not everywhere, nor was it the Middle Eastern fertility belt that stretched from the Euphrates and Tigris rivers through northern Syria to Lebanon, enabling the birth of various ancient advanced civilizations. 

Fertile Nile Delta @ Georges Scherrer

But before the time, in which great empires arose and perished in the area just described, there were already others. Carnac, for example, bears witness to this – and this long before Cheops and Giza were built.

In 2001, traces of a former city were found in the Gulf of Khambhat – or Cambay, as it is also called – on the seabed, some thirty meters below sea level. This city is said to be over 10000 years old. According to reports, this site, which is one of the oldest cities of mankind, is said to have had significant dimensions.

It goes without saying that the people of Khambhat had no connection whatsoever with the clans on the Atlantic.

One commentator stated in a report that the people who built this town, which is now sunken in the Gulf of Cambay, must have had a considerable organizational capacity to developpe this urban structure. What order did they follow? What system of order?

Connections may be made between the cultures that built the first human structures, including the monolithic bridge of Bhimpul, whose origin is disputed. Of course, the people who straightened up the site in the Gulf of Khambhat, which is located on the Indian Ocean, had no connection whatsoever with the clans that established an important institution in today’s Carnac on the Atlantic shore.

However, it may be pointed out that on the rough scale of human history, Khambhat and Carnac are not so far apart. Maybe some thousand years.

Khambhat lies largely unexplored below the water level.

Today, very little is known about the historical place Khambhat, and just as much about the Carnac of that time. However, both places show that something socially important happened there. Khambhat lies largely unexplored below the water level. Carnac and its surroundings offer the tourist a clearly visible accumulation of megalithic sites of impressive dimensions. The Indian town and its counterpart in Brittany are large constructions.

Des menhires en forêt @ Georges Scherrer

The so-called Alignements, the impressive rows of over 2000 menhirs, cause great astonishment among the visitors of Carnac. But, even before the journey to the next reflections is continued in this treatise in connection with Khambhat, the order as such must be reflected upon in another context.

Very few people can stand it in a complete mess.

Historiography, especially archaeology, prefers to interpret much of what it observes, analyzes and reproduces as death. It is into this same breach that we shall now also strike. And therefore let order be once again summoned. The order must once more stand upright for that which has its own important meaning in human live. I’ll try to explain.

Very few people, provided they have common sense, can stand it in a complete mess. If one remains longer in absolute mess, one becomes crazy. If you find yourself in such a desolate situation that you are no longer able to put things around you in order, then that makes you ill. The forces feed on the own life and exhaust themselves with the time.

Crosses in the forest @ Georges Scherrer

So does death! From a human perspective, there must also be order in death, so to give him a structure. A single corpse is not buried „disorderly“. If possible, the grave will be aligned according to a point of the compass or an important site, such as a heroic monument, in order to bring an organization to death and not to accept it as omnipotent, as an all-encompassing fact.

Since immemorial time and in most human societies people have been setting up cemeteries. The walls, grids or other barriers used as fencing do not only serve to protect the graves from the wild animals. The clearly defined boundaries create a space that, thanks to its dimensions, creates an intimacy in the vastness of the landscape, which, as a parlor for the buried, reminds one in a certain way of a domestic furnishing, of one’s own home, where one lived well protected.

Today we speak nobly of common graves.

In Europe there are dolmens and tumuli in many places. How many people there were buried, is not known. According to archaeology, some of these constructions are supposed to be multiple graves or even mass graves. The Cairns are counted to this genus. Today we speak nobly of common graves. Bild Grab Bulle These structures have one thing in common with cemeteries: they form a closed space that protects the dead from the wild animals. In one thing, however, these structures differed from cemeteries.

This difference is most obvious in military cemeteries, including those that had to be built not far from Carnac in Normandy; those cemeteries that received the dead of the Second World War; those cemeteries further away in Belgium that received the dead of the First World War. There, the crosses and steles stand strictly ordered in a row, each cross for itself, each cross equal to the other.

A forest of crosses @ Georges Scherrer

The people of Carnac knew nothing of the butcheries that took place in those places, where far too many soldiers lost their lives. It would not be presumptuous, but it would be audacious to build a bridge between the ranks of Carnac and those of Colleville-sur-Mer. Both sites are worth a visit. The thoughts will create connections. These connections will not be explored in this tract. Only one thing will be pointed out: The rows in Bayeux, Cintheaux, Ryes, Chouain, St-Desir-de-Lisieux, Henri-Chapelle, Verdun, Ypres, la Cambe convey a very clear message that goes unheard. Man is resistant to advice. The exclamation „Never again war“ fades away like the sound of a pebble being thrown into the sea.

A cemetery impresses with its clear lines.

But back to the tract and its message: In contrast to the cemeteries and their clearly drawn rows, the dolmens and cairns are first and foremost one thing – in addition to all other interpretations: namely, quite simply a pile formed more or less orderly by stones. A cemetery, on the other hand, has the peculiarity of captivating through its clear lines, which give it a strict order. The dolmens and the related tumuli and cairns lack such a distinct sense of order, which is based on clear lines.

The double line @ Georges Scberrer

Seen in this light, the dolmen, compared to the well-structured cemetery, is a structure that radiates nothing more than disorder, even if its clearly defined dimensions suggest something like order, because it can be surveyed; but nothing more. It lies in the wild like an enormous, threatening mass, like a sleeping demon in the twilight.

The stone seals the dead man’s fate – or in today’s words: put the lid on it, the matter is settled. A circle of vertical stone slabs surrounds the tomb and protects it from wind and weather; the flap above it keeps out all the evil that comes from above. The protection is perfect. Nothing goes in, nothing goes out. The protection provided by the round encloses everything.

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